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Barden [Bardin] Family Private Papers, 1822-1920

by | Mar 16, 2017 | Confederate affiliation, Sampson

(Source: Contributed by Maude P. Smith)

“The Barden [Bardin] family were planters who farmed in the Sampson and Duplin County area of Southeastern North Carolina before and after the Civil War. While this collection contains few items of correspondence, the contents provide a wealth of economic information. The many receipts for mercantile transactions, medical bills, blacksmith jobs, hire and sale of slaves, land sales, tax payments as well as wills and estate papers provide a clear picture of the varied and comprehensive economic activities of the family.

“According to the Federal Census of 1790,1. Ephraim Barden was the head of a household consisting of himself and an unidentified white female, possibly his wife, Phoebe, who died in 1827. However, by his death in l837 Barden owned a sizeable estate of over three hundred acres, ten slaves, plus livestock and household furnishings. When his widow Nancy, his second wife, died the following year, she too left a substantial estate.

“John Barden (1797-1855) continued the family’s prosperous course; he administered his parents’ estates and served as guardian of the minor heirs of his older brother Sherwood. In 1840 Everett G. Barden, son of Ephraim and Nancy, was obliged contemplate a suit to compel his brother John, executor of the estate to release his rightful share. Upon John Barden’s death in 1856, he owned twenty-two slaves and, aside from substantial bequests to his sons, bequeathed his two daughters five slaves and $1175 each.2.

“Zilpha Barden, ( 1803-1871 )3. John’s widow, who though unable to write, appears to have managed the Barden plantation through the Civil War years and after until shortly before her death.

“John and Zilphia’s son, George Buchanan Columbus “Buck” Barden (1848-1929), enlisted in the Confederate Army at age eighteen, served in the ranks of the 41st North Carolina Regiment as a private, 4. and returned unharmed to pursue agricultural and commercial interests. It is unclear whether he achieved the level of wealth attained by the Barden family in the pre-war years. Of particular interest are his purchases of orchard and small fruit stocks which appear to indicate an attempt to move beyond the traditional southeastern North Carolina crops of cotton and tobacco. Although little is known of Barden’s war experience, he actively maintained links to his service in the Confederate Army.

“Mrs. Maude Smith, of Magnolia NC, a direct lineal descendant, authorized the photocopying by the library of the original Barden Papers as well as selected secondary materials about the history of Magnolia and Duplin County in 1996. These papers have been designated Accession Number 127 of the Manuscripts Collection, Special Collections Department, William Madison Randall Library, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, North Carolina 284-3-3297. Literary rights to the Collection are retained by the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

Patricia B. McGee, Special Collections Librarian

November 21, 1996

1. Register, Alvaretta Kenan. The First Census of the United States 1790, Sampson County, North Carolina. Norfolk, VA: Register. 1966. p.1.

2. Murphy, William L. Genealogical Abstracts, Duplin County Wills 1730-1860. Rose Hill, NC: Duplin County Historical Society p. 3.

3. McEachern, Leora H. Duplin Country Gravestone Records. Duplin County, NC: Duplin County Historical Society and Christine Williams Register of Deeds of Duplin County Kenansville. 1978. vol 8, p. 8.

4. Mararin, Louis H. comp. North Carolina Troops 1861-1865 A Roster. Vol. 1 Artillery Raleigh: NC State Dept of Archives and History, 1966. p 376.”

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