AUTHOR:  William Lea Palmer, Colonel, Infantry, US Army, Retired, Great-Grandson of First Lieutenant Valentine Jackson Palmer, MD, C.S.A.

Valentine Jackson Palmer, MD, born in Marion County, South Carolina, a graduate of Jefferson Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 02 October 1856, was from Duncan Creek, Golden Valley, near Hollis, northeast Rutherford County, North Carolina, joined the Army of the Confederate States of America (C.S.A.) on 10 May 1862. He was commissioned a First Lieutenant of Infantry, Executive Officer of F Company (Infantry), Fifth-Sixth North Carolina Regiment, North Carolina Troops, C.S.A. He chose to be in the Infantry and with the men of the two counties that F Company represented – Rutherford and Cleveland Counties, and deferred a medical assignment. He remained the Executive Officer of F Company until his capture at the Battle of Five forks, Virginia, 01 April 1865.

Lieutenant (Doctor) Valentine Jackson Palmer’s major military engagements were: “The Virginia Peninsular Campaign” starting at Williamsburg [Fort Magruder] and Drewry’s Bluff [Fort Darling] (May 1862), and later, the Battle of Chickahominy [1st Battle of Cold Harbor or the Battle of Gaines’ Mill – third of the “Seven Days Battles”], Virginia (27 June 1862); picket duty 1863; Battle of Plymouth, Washington County, northeast North Carolina (17 thru 20 April 1864) “was seriously wounded by having back of thigh cut with piece of shell” five months to recover; Siege of Petersburg [Battle of the Crater], Virginia (30 July 1864); Battle of Ream’s Station, Virginia (25 August 1864); Battle of Fort Stedman [Hare’s Hill], Petersburg, Virginia (25 March 1865); Battle of Five Forks [Dinwiddie Court House], southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, was captured 01 April 1865 with four gun bearers, imprisoned at Johnson’s Island in Lake Erie, Ohio. Lieutenant Valentine Jackson Palmer’s unit, F Company, Fifth-Sixth North Carolina Regiment, North Carolina Troops was present at Appomattox Court House, 09 April 1865, at the surrender on General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A.

He was “Released on Oath”, General Order 109, Register No. 2, Page 123, Johnson’s Island, Ohio, 19 June 1865, returned home, practiced medicine in Duncan Creek, near Hollis, Rutherford County and in 1882 moved to Cleveland County, near Polkville where he and his wife, Mary Donoho Bedford Palmer, raised a family of eleven, and Valentine Jackson Palmer, MD, practiced medicine until his death in 1915.


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